This report focuses on understanding the role and participation of civil society in electricity regulatory process to promote clean energy (energy efficiency and renewable energy). The study, based on review of experiences in five states viz. Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Odisha, assesses reasons for very limited participation of civil society in regulatory process for promotion of clean energy. Civil society and consumer groups have concerns about tariff for renewable energy, weak monitoring mechanisms and social and environmental impacts of renewable energy projects. Such concerns, along with lack of awareness about role and process of regulatory commissions for promotion of clean energy and lack of resources for participation in the regulatory process, impede effective civil society participation in the regulatory process. The report also suggests remedial measures to strengthen civil society participation, in order to have successful transition towards sustainable energy future.